Carbonated water, also known as sparkling water, and seltzer, is plain water into which carbon dioxide gas has been dissolved, and is the major and defining component of most “soft drinks”. The process of dissolving carbon dioxide gas is called carbonation. It results in the formation of carbonic acid (which has the chemical formula H2CO3).
In the past, soda water, also known as club soda, was produced in the home by “charging” a refillable seltzer bottle by filling it with water and then adding carbon dioxide. Club soda may be identical to plain carbonated water or it may contain a small amount of table salt, sodium citrate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium sulfate, or disodium phosphate, depending on the bottler. These additives are included to emulate the slightly salty taste of homemade soda water. The process can also occur naturally to produce carbonated mineral water, such as in Mihalkovo in the Bulgarian Rhodopes.
Plop a Fizzies drink tablet into an ordinary glass of water and watch the frenzy of bubbles. Better-tasting and better for you than the ones we had in the 1950s and ’60s, they provide 100% of the vitamin C kids need for a day as well as potassium and electrolytes. Choose three different flavors or three of the same. 8 tablets per package. Sweetened with Sucralose.
• Create a delicious 0 calorie, sugar-free drink
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FDA is publishing regulations on bottled water that will promote honesty and fair dealing in the marketplace by providing standard definitions for the terms “artesian water,” “ground water,” “mineral water,” “purified water,” “sparkling bottled water,” “spring water,” “sterile water” and “well water.” They also bring mineral water under existing quality standards for
Bottled water, like all other foods regulated by FDA, must be processed, packaged, shipped and stored in a safe and sanitary manner and be truthfully and accurately labeled. Bottled waterproducts must also meet specific FDA quality standards for contaminants. These are set in response to requirements that theEnvironmental Protection Agency has established for tap water.
The new regulation sets standard definitions for different types of bottled waters, helping to resolve possible confusion about what terms like “spring” and “ground” water really mean.
For example, “spring water” is now defined as water collected as it flows naturally to the surface, or when pumped through a bore hole from the spring source. Water that comes from the bore hole must be the same as that which comes from the spring’s natural orifice. The regulation allows labeling to describe how the water came to the surface, for example, “naturally flowed to the surface, not extracted.”
The regulation also requires mineral water to meet the bottled water quality standards. It must come from a protected underground source and contain at least 250 parts per million in
total dissolved solids. Mineral water had previously been exempt from standards that apply to other bottled waters.
Besides defining several terms, the regulation addresses various other labeling concerns. For example, water bottled from municipal water supplies must be clearly labeled as such, unless it is processed sufficiently to be labeled as “distilled” or “purified” water.
The regulation also requires accurate labeling of bottled waters marketed for infants. If a product is labeled “sterile” it must be processed to meet FDA’s requirements for commercial sterility. Otherwise, the labeling must indicate that it is not sterile and should be used in preparation of infant formula only as directed by a physician or according to infant formula preparation instructions.
beverages must be safe and truthfully labeled, like all other foods. However, if the water ingredient is highlighted in any way, that water must meet bottled water standards.
A proposal on this subject was published on Jan. 5, 1993. The comment period was extended twice — once to allow a trade group to conduct a survey on the meaning of “spring water” and later to allow comment on two surveys that were submitted to FDA.
FDA received more than 430 comments, most of which were supportive of the proposal.
The rule becomes effective six months after being published in the Federal Register.